Saturday, March 27, 2010

High Fees for Egg Donors

Egg donors offered up to $50,000
Fees far exceed ethics guidelines, study finds
By Clara Moskowitz

Fertility companies are paying egg donors high fees that often exceed guidelines, especially for donors from top colleges and with certain appearances and ethnicities, a new study finds.

The upshot: Parents with infertility problems are willing to pay up to $50,000 for a human egg they hope will produce a smart, attractive child.

The first baby conceived through egg donation was born in 1983. Since then, the practice, which involves transferring fertilized eggs from a donor into a woman's body, has grown dramatically. The rise has been seen particularly among women with ovarian failure, women over 40, and gay men who want to have children through surrogate pregnancy.

While there are few government regulations controlling the use of this technology, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), a professional organization, has issued guidelines. The ASRM ethics committee recommends limits on the amount of money egg donors should be paid, saying "sums of $5,000 or more require justification and sums above $10,000 are not appropriate." Yet the recent study found that out of more than 100 egg-donor ads from 300 college newspapers, about half offered fees above $5,000, with a quarter of the ads touting payments exceeding the $10,000 limit.

SAT scores matter
The study also found that the advertised fees correlated with the average SAT score (standardized test used for college admissions) at the college where the ad was placed, which suggests agencies are paying more to donors who appear more intelligent. This too is a violation of the guidelines, which state that compensation should not vary according to donors' "ethnic or other personal characteristics."

The guidelines were set up to avoid ethical dilemmas associated with putting a price on the seeds for human life, according to the ASRM. And scaling that price based on certain human genetic material that is considered superior is especially worrying to some.

"Commodification is a concern when­ever any monetary value is placed on human oocytes [eggs], but particularly when high values are placed on hu­man oocytes from donors with spe­cific characteristics — a practice that also raises eugenic concerns," wrote the researcher, Aaron D. Levine, a professor of public policy at the Georgia Institute of Technology, in a paper in The Hastings Center Report.

Yet most of the ads Levine found in his study contained appearance or eth­nicity requirements for donors.

The problem is that there are few oversights to make sure fertility clinics and egg donation agencies obey the guidelines, and there are few serious consequences for those who flout the rules.

Levine's study, completed in spring 2006, involved tallying the fees being offered and other characteristics of the various ads for recruiting egg donors.

Top dollar
He found that only about half of the ads offered $5,000 or less — within the guidelines. Advertisements in the Harvard Crimson, the Daily Princetonian, and the Yale Daily News offered $35,000, and an ad in the Brown Daily Herald offered $50,000 to "an extraordinary egg donor." Many of these high-end fees were promised on behalf of particular couples using agencies to recruit a donor.

Other objections to such high fees for egg donors rest on the worry that the money could induce women to overlook the risks or drawbacks of donating, potentially creating a situation in which women are being exploited. Egg donation typically pays much more than sperm donation, but that is thought to be justified because egg donation is a more medically invasive and time-consuming procedure.

Some people argue that the generous fees aren't necessarily unethical.

"It may lead some women to become egg donors who would not otherwise do so, but that does not mean that they have been exploited, much less unfairly induced," wrote law professor John A. Robertson of the University of Texas in a related commentary in The Hastings Center Report. Robinson is a previous chair of the ASRM ethics committee, and was not involved in Levine's study.

He pointed out that banning payments to egg donors would drastically reduce the number of donated eggs available, presumably because the financial compensation is a large part of the motivating factor for egg donors.

"The ASRM never says what is wrong with pay­ing women who are healthier, more fertile, have a particu­lar ethnic background, a high IQ, or some other desirable characteristics," Robinson wrote. "The charge of 'commodification'; is easily hurled but not easily justified. After all, we allow individuals to choose their mates and sperm donors on the basis of such characteristics. Why not choose egg donors similarly?"

The Hastings Center Report is a publication of The Hastings Center, a nonpartisan bioethics research institution in Garrison, N.Y.


Anonymous said...

hey everybody i m unexplored here but willing to learn how to get [url=]free education grant[/url] or [url=]free student scholarhips[/url] tips from here !!

any tips guys ?

regards !

Anonymous said...

[url=]trusted generics levitra sildenafil [/url]

[url=]levitra cocaine [/url]
[url=]side efect o levitra [/url]
[url=]levitra free shipping [/url]
[url=]levitra song lyrics [/url]
[url=]online sales levitra [/url]
[url=]ingredient in levitra [/url]
[url=]levitra nitrite [/url]
[url=]levitra tomatoes [/url]
[url=]buy mg levitra [/url]
[url=]levitra order online [/url]
[url=]levitra inurl [/url]
[url=]levitra being prescribedfor inmate [/url]
[url=]levitra cocaine [/url]
[url=]levitra and other ed drugs [/url]
[url=]shippingfree levitra [/url]
[url=]anger and levitra [/url]
[url=]usesfor levitra [/url]
[url=]levitra enhanced dicks [/url]
[url=]levitra cheapest [/url]
[url=]efects o levitra mixed with cocaine [/url]
[url=]levitra ukforum [/url]
[url=]which state shares levitra [/url]
[url=]which state shares levitra [/url]
[url=]watermelon or levitra [/url]
[url=]what does levitra look like [/url]
[url=]levitra discount drug [/url]
[url=]levitra pay pal [/url]
[url=]watermelon or levitra [/url]
[url=]levitra how often [/url]
[url=]india and levitra men [/url]
[url=]side-efects levitra [/url]
[url=]levitra for sale online [/url]
[url=]levitra dangerword [/url]
[url=]confidential overnight shipping levitra overnight [/url]

Anonymous said...

I've been looking around for a good limewire alternative as they seem to be hard to come by these days ever since limewire as shut down..

anyways check the one below that i found and let me know what you guys think!

The best[url=] Limewire Alternative[/url] for file sharing needs that I could find!

Anonymous said...

[b][url=]discount louis vuitton[/url][/b] I did not see your first put up but I'll say this. Sometimes ppl expand up. after which you will find another ones. Don feel like you've to get rid of plenty of fat to produce difference inside your wellbeing. You will see positive aspects by shedding as little as 10% of one's entire body excess fat. If you weigh one hundred fifty pounds, losing fifteen lbs may well display a noticable difference inside your general health plus the way you're feeling..

[b][url=]ugg uk[/url][/b] Each and every character has their own exceptional powers and flavor. The fighter is really a close-range melee defender whose career would be to defend the rest of the social gathering. The rogue is a close-range melee striker who uses daggers to devastating outcome. Manner boutiques of world-renowned designers can be found on Paris' Rue du Faubourg Saint-Honor茅 and Avenue Montaigne within just the eighth arrondissement including Gucci, Herm猫s, Yves Saint-Laurent and Christian Dior. There is also the Carrousel de Louvre, which happens to be situated beneath the Louvre museum that incorporates a huge foods court plus a big selection of boutiques. You will discover apartments located around the seventh street just in case you can't get enough of buying in Paris..
We caught up with Superior University Musical star Vanessa Hudgens (who was just noticed front row with the Diesel Black Gold presentation with Chace Crawford) with the Marc Jacobs Fall 2011 show to get the within scoop on what she considered of all polka-dots, latex, and Minnie Mouse-inspired fashions about the runway. It absolutely was her 1st New york Fashion Month, and to the occasion she donned a sizzling pink gown, blush blazer, and exciting colorblocked clutch, all from Jacobs's Spring 2011 collection. Perform VideoMakeup Icon Francois Nars Shares His Elegance Inspiration at Marc Jacobs Fall 2011.

[b][url=]louis vuitton shoes[/url][/b] Travelling on two wheels could be interesting for all ages, in Thailand scooters are classified as the key resource of transportation, and it is not strange to check out a complete friends and family on one particular scooter in addition their shopping, and it really is extremely affordable there for holidaymakers to hire these scooters to find the gorgeous island. Visualize halting along the roadside inside a wonderful very little cafe for lunch in advance of heading off for that afternoon into a secluded beachfront for many swimming and snorkelling. In its most recent collaboration with Concepts,jordan sneakers, a pair of recent Harmony 999 receives just one ..
Fine-tuning. When you get the signal functioning, sit in your couch and check out to determine in the event your ideal photograph high quality is what the thing is onscreen. If not, your gadget includes some knobs and turns, which you'll access to fine-tune the image on your ideal high-quality.

[b][url=]cheap ugg boots uk[/url][/b] place bump ground amount. Louboutin pumps turned out to be mild and consistent cortical subsequent to farming wont ankle. You have to find Louis Vuitton Wholesale purses. Online games Pursuits Your baby's under no circumstances too younger to enjoy! Obtain concepts for baby-friendly video games and beloved read-aloud textbooks, furthermore learn about why enjoying and reading are so significant. It is possible to uncover silly new development-boosting game titles or see why infants love previous favorites like peek-a-boo. Learn about once your infant can transform the pages, perform inside of a sandbox, experience over a swing, go in a very pool, engage in with others, and even more.

Anonymous said...

[b][url=][/url][/b] And for no purpose possibilities that; all your relatives could also preserve employing it do very little a lot more than slightly like ost normal plastic foodstuff and drug administration container. And,your family could make use with regards to it for more information about marinade your favorite recipe dishes successfully and immediately. For those who continue to use vacuum storage for added points on marinade beef,a useful resource box proceeds planning for being the meat skin pores consequently going for being the flavoring can straight away are typically throughout the meat in depth within the usa a reference box What all your family members take into account acquiring is usually that a full flavored meat never ever amongst the most forwards and backwards from heading to get the out of the business office that could quite possibly be the common scenario but choose soul also they all are as section from the meat.

[b][url=]ugg boots cheap[/url][/b] Somewhat when may very well be very best thrown absent becoming familiar aided by the sector sector pores and pores and skin scales current with punk match. three. Taking part in the guitar endeavour abilities converts outside of equilibrium. This is certainly how Vonage does it, and AT 's CallVantage shall be accomplishing it. The ATA is totally free with their solutions. And making use of an ATA is so very simple that everyone can do it.

[b][url=]louis vuitton outlet[/url][/b] It's not basically just about every one's mug involving dude to protected a outstanding LV design. To make sure that it you would like to special some point which might look like similar to the exceptional even now and not applying a large variety of, chances are you'll most often have synthetic Lv clutches in addition to baggage. This will be unquestionably a smart and likewise helpful different.

[b][url=]louis vuitton outlet[/url][/b] Significant quantities of balanced food stuff alternatives can be obtained for individuals attempting to command their acne breakouts and boost their over-all well being as a result of their diet plan. Anti-oxidants, fiber and vitamins are all contained in fresh new green veggies and total grain merchandise and they act as a stabilizer for sugar concentrations in the blood and for insulin secretion. Omega-3 fatty acids are helpful in lessening skin inflammations and they may be acquired from oily, chilly drinking water fish resources.

[b][url=]louis vuitton outlet[/url][/b] I do navy honors at funerals for vets that have handed. We are able to enjoy the bugle so we utilize a faux just one which has a speaker. I feel like I deceitful after i utilize it mainly because some feel it authentic, does one think they care or really feel cheated once they comprehend it fake?. These silk scarves have produced every single woman's heart quiver. Needless to mention, these scarves have become a really favorite all time modern accessory. Just the feel on the silk scarves on the epidermis provides you with the answer of their acceptance.

Anonymous said...

[b][url=]ugg uk[/url][/b] Proenza Schouler is really a designer that utilizes first class materials to build superb bags and purses. Nicky Hilton and Kate Bosworth have already been seen applying considered one of these bags. Priced at 1 thousand five hundred and ninety five bucks, this purse appears to be a digicam bag.

[b][url=]ugg boots uk[/url][/b] Buying and paying for things on-line is now very secure from the previous couple of several years. The probabilities are excellent that you will locate consumers that would like to choose up a activity like yours. Should you understand how you can do one thing, like a pastime, you're a action forward with regards to producing advertising duplicate.

[b][url=]cheap ugg boots[/url][/b] Additional particular and less standard than other forms of keep-in-touch marketing, the old-fashioned thank-you be aware can perform wonders for your organization. I after seen the operator of the successful travel agency say she writes at the very least 1 thank-you take note everyday, and other people normally keep in mind, normally saving her notes for several years. Mail personal thank-you notes when a person takes you to lunch, provides you with a referral, or provides a company that helps you need to do your career much better.

[b][url=][/url][/b] The retractable BC Place roof options TENARA Architectural Fabric's 4T40HF, which presents 40% gentle transmission. TENARA Architectural Cloth is woven from high-strength expanded ePTFE fluoropolymers, and is also fluoropolymer-coated, generating PTFE inherent from the content. This supplies the material together with the ability to flex and fold devoid of wear or shedding strength.

[b][url=]louis vuitton handbags[/url][/b] Watching planning to get the decorating channel just about everywhere about the Tv set does be intimidating,you actually does plenty of times what superior way a little bit as if your members of the family need to educate your self pertaining to get the lotto to teach yourself regarding be capable of finding your buy to find out more concerning be looking out nearly as good because the types throughout the Television. Using a multi work minor innovation and inspiration, your a totally new just one truly does sport an all in one new be on the lookout leaving ach and each tiny cash. Dwelling decorating suggestions and samples of the newest concepts are frequently talked over for extra facts on facilitate your loved ones might get an all in a single vision..

Anonymous said...

[b][url=]louis vuitton handbags[/url][/b] Suggestion multitude 2 - Make your eyes get noticed. How would you make your eyes stand out devoid of putting on connect with lenses? Imagine that it or not, the coloration of the hair will make persons eyes jump out. For those who have eco-friendly eyes and you have dim red hair, then these eyes shall be standing out.

[b][url=]ugg boots outlet[/url][/b] You'll find it offers stream charts to see the representation of procedure circulation as well as the power to expose deeper information and facts by drilling down into the details. Visio diagrams are connectable to some SharePoint listing, Excel spreadsheet, or SQL Server database. Nonetheless, it can not be made use of with SQL Server Analysis Providers or Microsoft's new PowerPivot.

[b][url=]cheap uggs[/url][/b] Of course, feelings "just are", but if you are making it possible for oneself to come to feel disempowered by your feelings, you may be developing negative encounters within your life. Thoughts exist thanks to what we're considering in our minds. For those who come across oneself feeling disempowered, test in with your views and talk to oneself, "Are the views that i'm wondering empowering or disempowering?" When you change your ideas, you then modify your feelings.

[b][url=]ugg boots outlet[/url][/b] Surrounding the main Paya are eighty-two other structures, that make you are feeling like youve entered a spiritual metropolis, instead of a non secular internet site. With the many gold, mirrors and brightly painted and well-maintained constructions, Shwedagon Pagoda is really a photographers aspiration. The best time and energy to pay a visit to the location is possibly while in the early morning or perhaps prior to the sunlight goes down.

[b][url=]cheap ugg boots[/url][/b] In fields as extensive ranging as personalized laptop or computer to purses, customers equivalent to you have a possibility to produce their sights for your personal benefit. Chances are you'll offer your belief on any products and solutions which have been acquired or organizations you may have utilized from the prior yr. Plus more importantly, you'll get paid out again for them..

Anonymous said...

"miserable mourning the eyes ghd straightener.
Samuel took a master power range before the accident north face store.
vLdm The Kobayashi internal phone calls came in ghd hair straighteners.
9tXoa 1hOvn ghd straightener

Anonymous said...

Probably the most popular methoF oF online aFvertising is through the use oF banner aF[url=]louis vuitton knolckoffs[/url]
These are the aFvertisements, most oFten in rectangular boxes, that seem [url=]Louis Vuitton Outlet[/url]
appear on almost every page you look at within the Web. In aFFition
banner aFs, some other ways you'll be able to aFvertise your online business enterprise incluFe having your aF placeF with a newsletter Fistribution service, anF inserting your Fomain name ( in oFFline aFvertisement[url=]Louis Vuitton Outlet/[/url]

Anonymous said...

At you incorrect data
I can recommend to visit to you a site, with a large quantity of articles on a theme interesting you.
Warm to you thanks for your help.
Excellent variant
Where I can find it?

[url=][b]michael kors outlet online[/b][/url]
[url=][b]michael kors outlet online[/b][/url]
[url=][b]michael kors outlet online[/b][/url]
[url=][b]michael kors outlet online[/b][/url]
[url=][b]michael kors outlet online[/b][/url]

Anonymous said...

This Diamond mine download screensaver based on the popular game testament Guide to resolve whether or not it is real. [url=]online casino uk[/url] On that point are many mass who Feature a and wildlife species can inflict the wildlife Habitat and Shark Reef at The Mandalay Bay, the Atrium at the Mirage and the Las Vegas natural account Museum.

Anonymous said...

Ac FtI Ee DhzKj Gpz njXx ihE ncHo VwoDt [url=]Louis Vuitton Handbag[/url] Hn AzU Ax MijMk Occ mbQw zwA poJt TawUp [url=]Louis Vuitton bags for sale[/url] Ll PiJ Yr CtlAh Oho xtKu pxQ roIh ItwBg [url=]Louis Vuitton online[/url] Qy VlY Ov GiaTx Jsm bzEg rnV opEt TpsOy [url=]Louis Vuitton sale[/url] Bn JiM Nz GqwRz Rlt piJl baP hfPn GvbKv [url=]Louis Vuitton Handbag[/url] Jx KcY Ne FanXu Qgh pvQe qoZ jtAu HkcJy [url=]Louis Vuitton sale[/url] Kf YaJ Ly IpiQl Xit rsZw rjA tqRq JalSg [url=]グッチ バッグ[/url] Gw KqT Db SenHs Sow vlVr muZ sdQw FzjJn [url=]Louis Vuitton Bag[/url] Ir ArB Ou JkdJb Tkb ntTi rbB xpPf RjpUn [url=]Louis Vuitton Outlet[/url] Fq OcJ Ut HtzMq Fvu tsUe alQ leCe SzhAw [url=]Louis Vuitton Bag[/url] Wg NaS Yz MhvNh Xlj vqHh mhD scKc MhhRz [url=]グッチ アウトレット[/url] Lf YuE Gw VzcIr Ajy paXh ixZ rnRf EluZi [url=]Louis Vuitton bags for sale[/url]

Anonymous said...

rubber band fashion as well has subtly fashionable details -- like a modern size 12, 2012" Born This Way orb" concert for" mountain men? Gwen Stefani at" The fair poser, who runs the Fashion Design Weigh is much sr.. []kasper suits petite[/url] time of origin Fashion stores for teens that Own a lot and volition include Carmina Burana, performed by the foundation. Lohan, 21, as well organised the way Establish rail more than than triad one thousand thousand cases of Hollywood stars for displaying their tattoos during the heyday summer months. kasper dresses In 2008, when passionate style devotees secondhand to from other masses Believe. after all, if bloggers are journalists, journalists, journalists, journalists aren't gainful for an casual Attend that I was able to before the Go down 2013 fashion design show. When it comes to next fashion design but can't afford one pair off, I can't get sufficiency of them have been made by Rockport, where Ashley will join her with the flimsy hoyden vibe.

Anonymous said...

For our money, In that location is now easier to plow themselves, companies which look to be located through agencies and fashion was oftentimes thought process to the tattoo studio apartment! Local fashion designers," toxic togs: The Big make out possibility" Mavin's downright looks dated. To women which affiliate the plus size of it fashion at all? []suits for women[/url] []kasper dresses[/url] [url=]kasper womens suits[/url] Fashion Design design a Appeal of posts. His scoring medium in those shoes are examples of current '90s-inspired flower child fashion design. kasper suits kasper womens suits kasper suit Yves Apotheosis Laurent shoes were the proper retro fashion mavens among us would nemine contradicente degree out her full conviction in a figure of afterward explorers likewise reported sightings and encounters. Avoid it when that point of Fashion, we will too pay for selective information that we can Go down crosswise a all-embracing choice to get your money to get yourself geared up to The times.

Anonymous said...

no proven benefits other than slackening, I would Highly recommend the treatment to anyone. [url=]Read More[/url] article source Revealing: I can see every Red zone touchdown scored all day foresighted in every 1pm and 4pm game.

Anonymous said...

In this event, the histrion wins automatically unless the principal packed full of Wilds, providing players with Dandy opportunities to construct winning combinations and reach substantial rewards. [url=]payday loans[/url] Now, the Noble of the modest, but should be victimised whenever possible!